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Thursday, April 1, 2010

Summariised Riiyadhu Us Salleheen




Summariised Riiyadhu--Us--Salleheen
Table of Contents
1. ON SINCERITY AND HAVING AN INTENTION FOR ALL ACTIONS, WORDS AND STATES, OUTWARD
AND INWARD.....................................................................................................................................................................14
2. CHAPTER ON REPENTANCE ...................................................................................................................................15
3. CHAPTER ON STEADFASTNESS............................................................................................................................16
4. CHAPTER: ON TRUTHFULNESS ..............................................................................................................................17
5. CHAPTER: ON WATCHFULNESS............................................................................................................................17
6. CHAPTER: ON FEARFUL AWARENESS OF ALLAH (TAQWA) .........................................................................18
7. CHAPTER: CERTAINTY AND TRUST IN ALLAH...................................................................................................18
8. CHAPTER: ON GOING STRAIGHT (ISTIQAMA).....................................................................................................19
9. CHAPTER: REFLECTING ON THE IMMENSE CREATION OF ALLAH ALMIGHTY, THE PASSING OF
THIS WORLD, THE TERRORS OF THE NEXT WORLD, AND OTHER MATTERS. ON THE NEGLIGENCE OF
THE SELF, DISCIPLINING IT AND FORCING IT TO GO STRAIGHT......................................................................19
10. CHAPTER: ON HASTENING TO PERFORM GOOD ACTIONS, AND ON ENCOURAGING THE ONE
WHO INTENDS TO DO SOMETHING TO GO AHEAD AND DO IT WITH DILIGENCE AND NOT TO
HESITATE...........................................................................................................................................................................19
11. CHAPTER: ON STRIVING (MUJAHADA) ...............................................................................................................19
12. ON THE ENCOURAGEMENT TO INCREASE GOOD ACTIONS IN THE LATER PART OF ONE'S LIFE .20
13. CHAPTER: ON THE CLARIFICATION OF THE MANY PATHS OF GOOD......................................................20
14. ON MODERATION IN WORSHIP.............................................................................................................................21
16. CHAPTER: ON THE COMMAND TO FOLLOW THE SUNNA AND ITS ADAB ...............................................21
17 ON THE OBLIGATION TO OBEY THE JUDGEMENT OF ALLAH, WHAT IS SAID BY THOSE WHO ARE
SUMMONED TO THAT, AND COMMANDING THE RIGHT AND FORBIDDING THE WRONG .........................22
18. ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST INNOVATIONS AND NEW MATTERS.......................................................22
19. CHAPTER: ON THE ONE WHO MAKES A GOOD OR BAD SUNNA...............................................................22
20. ON SHOWING THE WAY TO GOOD AND CALLING TO GUIDANCE OR MISGUIDANCE..........................23
21. HELPING ONE ANOTHER TO GOODNESS AND FEAR OF ALLAH ...............................................................23
22 ON GOOD COUNSEL .................................................................................................................................................23
23. CHAPTER: ON COMMANDING THE RIGHT AND FORBIDDING THE WRONG............................................23
24. ON THE HARSH PUNISHMENT OF SOMEONE WHO COMMANDS RIGHT OR FORBIDS WRONG
WHILE HIS OWN ACTIONS CONTRADICT WHAT HE SAYS ..................................................................................24
25. CHAPTER: ON THE COMMAND TO DELIVER TRUSTS....................................................................................24
26. CHAPTER: ON INJUSTICE AND THE COMMAND TO MAKE RESTITUTION IN CASES OF INJUSTICE24
27. CHAPTER: ON RESPECTING THE SACRED THINGS OF THE MUSLIMS, CLARIFICATION OF THEIR
RIGHTS AND HAVING COMPASSION AND MERCY FOR THEM...........................................................................25
28. CHAPTER: VEILING THE FAULTS OF MUSLIMS AND THE PROHIBITION AGAINST DIVULGING THEM
WITHOUT NECESSITY ....................................................................................................................................................25
29. CHAPTER: TAKING CARE OF THE NEEDS OF THE MUSLIMS ......................................................................26
31. CHAPTER: ON PUTTING THINGS RIGHT BETWEEN PEOPLE.......................................................................26
32. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF THE WEAK, POOR AND OBSCURE MUSLIMS............................26
33. CHAPTER: KINDNESS TO ORPHANS, GIRLS, THE WEAK, THE VERY POOR, AND THE
DOWNTRODDEN. TREATING THEM WELL, COMPASSION TOWARDS THEM, HUMILITY WITH THEM,
AND GENTLENESS TOWARDS THEM.........................................................................................................................26
34. CHAPTER: TREATING WOMEN WELL..................................................................................................................26
35. CHAPTER: ON THE RIGHTS OF A HUSBAND FROM HIS WIFE.....................................................................27
36. CHAPTER: SPENDING ON ONE'S FAMILY ..........................................................................................................27
37: SPENDING OUT OF WHAT ONE LOVES AND SPENDING WHAT IS EXCELLENT ....................................27
38. CHAPTER: ON THE OBLIGATION TO COMMAND ONE'S FAMILY AND CHILDREN AND WHOEVER IS
IN ONE'S CARE TO OBEY ALLAH, AND TO FORBID THEM TO OPPOSE HIM, TEACHING THEM PROPER
BEHAVIOUR AND PREVENTING THEM FROM COMMITTING WHAT IS PROHIBITED....................................27
39. CHAPTER: THE RIGHT OF THE NEIGHBOUR AND TREATING HIM WELL .................................................28
40. CHAPTER: ON DUTIFULNESS TO PARENTS AND MAINTAINING TIES OF KINSHIP...............................28
41. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION OF DISOBEYING PARENTS AND SEVERING TIES OF KINSHIP ...28
42. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF DUTIFULNESS SHOWN TO THE FRIENDS OF ONE'S FATHER
AND MOTHER, RELATIVES, WIFE, AND OTHERS WHOM ONE SHOULD HONOUR.......................................29
44. CHAPTER: RESPECT FOR PEOPLE OF KNOWLEDGE, THE GREAT AND PEOPLE OF IMPORTANCE,
AND PUTTING THEM AHEAD OF OTHERS, RAISING WHERE THEY SIT AND SHOWING THEIR RANK ...29
45. CHAPTER: ON VISITING THE PEOPLE OF VIRTUE, SITTING WITH THEM, KEEPING THEIR
COMPANY, LOVING THEM, SEEKING VISITS AND SUPPLICATION FROM THEM, AND VISITING PLACES
OF VIRTUE .........................................................................................................................................................................29
46. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH AND ENCOURAGING IT, AND A
MAN WHO LOVES ANOTHER INFORMING HIM OF THAT AND WHAT HE SAYS TO HIM WHEN HE
INFORMS HIM....................................................................................................................................................................29
50. CHAPTER: ON FEAR ................................................................................................................................................30
51. CHAPTER: ON HOPE................................................................................................................................................30
53. CHAPTER: ON COMBINING FEAR AND HOPE...................................................................................................31
55. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF MAKING DO WITH LITTLE OF THIS WORLD AND THE
ENCOURAGEMENT TO HAVE LITTLE OF IT AND THE EXCELLENCE OF POVERTY.....................................31
56. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF HUNGER, A SIMPLE LIVE STYLE, AND CONFINING ONESELF
TO LITTLE IN FOOD, DRINK, CLOTHING AND OTHER THINGS WHICH ARE THE PORTION OF THE SELF,
AND ABANDONING APPETITES ..................................................................................................................................32
57. CHAPTER: ON CONTENTMENT, SELF-RESTRAINT, MODERATION IN LIFE STYLE AND SPENDING,
AND CRITICISM OF ASKING WITHOUT NECESSITY...............................................................................................32
58. CHAPTER: ON THE PERMISSION TO TAKE THAT WHICH IS NOT ASKED FOR NOR SOUGHT AFTER
...............................................................................................................................................................................................33
59. CHAPTER: THE ENCOURAGEMENT TO EAT FROM THE WORK OF ONE'S OWN HAND, AND TO
REFRAIN FROM ASKING AND TURNING TO GIVING..............................................................................................33
60. CHAPTER: ON GENEROSITY, MAGNANIMITY AND SPENDING IN GOOD WAYS WITH TRUST IN
ALLAH ALMIGHTY ...........................................................................................................................................................33
61. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING MISERLINESS AND AVARICE ..........................................................................33
62. CHAPTER: ON PREFERRING OTHERS AND HELPING OTHERS ..................................................................34
63. CHAPTER: ON THE DESIRE FOR IN MATTERS WHICH PERTAIN TO THE NEXT WORLD AND
SEEKING TO HAVE A LOT OF THAT WHICH IS BLESSED ....................................................................................34
64. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF THE GRATEFUL WEALTHY PERSON. HE IS THE ONE WHO
TAKES WEALTH PROPERLY AND SPENDS IT THE WAYS WHICH HAVE BEEN COMMANDED.................34
65. CHAPTER: ON REMEMBERING DEATH AND CONSTRAINING EXPECTATION ........................................34
66. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION FOR MEN TO VISIT THE GRAVES AND WHAT THE ONE
WHO VISITS THEM SAYS...............................................................................................................................................35
67. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO WISH FOR DEATH BECAUSE OF SOME HARM WHICH HAS
BEFALLEN A PERSON, BUT THERE IS NO OBJECTION TO IT IF IT IS BECAUSE OF FEAR OF TRIAL IN
THE DEEN ..........................................................................................................................................................................35
68. CHAPTER: ON SCRUPULOUSNESS AND ABANDONING THINGS THAT ARE DOUBTFUL ...................35
69. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO WITHDRAW WHEN THINGS ARE CORRUPT OR ONE
FEARS A TEMPTATION IN ONE'S DEEN OR FALLING INTO THE UNLAWFUL AND DOUBTFUL THINGS36
70. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF HAVING DEALINGS WITH PEOPLE AND ATTENDING THEIR
GATHERINGS AND GROUP PRAYERS, THEIR 'IDS AND GATHERINGS OF DHIKR, VISITING THOSE
WHO ARE ILL, ATTENDING THEIR FUNERALS, HELPING THE ONE IN NEED, GUIDING THE WHO IS
IGNORANT, AND OTHER THINGS WHICH ARE IN THEIR BEST INTERESTS IN THE CASE OF SOMEONE
WHO IS ABLE TO COMMAND THE GOOD AND FORBID THE WRONG, AND PREVENTING ONESELF
FROM CAUSING INJURY AND ENDURING INJURY.................................................................................................36
71. CHAPTER: ON HUMILITY AND BEING GENTLE WITH THE BELIEVERS.....................................................36
72. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION OF PRIDE AND ARROGANCE.................................................................36
73. CHAPTER: ON GOOD CHARACTER......................................................................................................................37
74. CHAPTER: ON FORBEARANCE, PATIENCE AND KINDNESS........................................................................37
75. CHAPTER: ON PARDON AND TURNING AWAY FROM THE IGNORANT.....................................................38
76. CHAPTER: ON ENDURING INJURY .......................................................................................................................38
77. CHAPTER: ON ANGER WHEN THE SACRED THINGS OF THE SHARI'A ARE VIOLATED AND
HELPING THE DEEN OF ALLAH ALMIGHTY..............................................................................................................38
78. CHAPTER: ON COMMANDING THOSE IN AUTHORITY TO BE KIND TO THEIR SUBJECTS, TO GIVE
THEM GOOD COUNSEL AND TO BE COMPASSIONATE TO THEM, AND FORBIDDING THOSE IN
AUTHORITY FROM CHEATING THEM, BEING HARSH TO THEM, OVERLOOKING THEIR BEST
INTERESTS AND BEING UNMINDFUL OF THEM AND THEIR NEEDS.................................................................39
79. CHAPTER: ON THE JUST RULER ..........................................................................................................................39
80. CHAPTER: ON THE OBLIGATION TO OBEY THOSE IN AUTHORITY AS LONG AS IT IS NOT A
WRONG ACTION, AND THE PROHIBITION AGAINST OBEYING THEM IN AN ACT OF REBELLION
AGAINST ALLAH..............................................................................................................................................................40
81. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SEEKING AUTHORITY AND THE OPTION OF NOT
ACCEPTING IT IF IT IS NOT SPECIFIC TO HIM OR IF HE IS NOT REQUIRED...................................................40
82. CHAPTER: ON ENCOURAGING THE SULTAN, QADI AND OTHERS IN AUTHORITY TO ADOPT A
RIGHTEOUS COUNSELLOR AND WARNING THEM AGAINST BAD COMPANY AND ACCEPTING THEIR
ADVICE................................................................................................................................................................................40
83. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST GRANTING APPOINTMENT AS AMIRS AND JUDGES
AND POSITIONS OF AUTHORITY TO THOSE WHO ASKED FOR IT OR INDIRECTLY EXPRESS DESIRE
FOR THAT ..........................................................................................................................................................................40
BOOK OF ADAB (MANNERS)........................................................................................................................................41
84. CHAPTER: ON MODESTY AND ITS EXCELLENCE, AND ENCOURAGING PEOPLE TO AFFECT IT.....41
85. CHAPTER: ON KEEPING SECRETS.......................................................................................................................41
86. CHAPTER: ON FULFILLING CONTRACTS AND KEEPING PROMISES ........................................................41
87. CHAPTER: ON THE COMMAND TO CONTINUE TO PERFORM GOOD ACTIONS WHICH ARE ONE'S
HABIT ..................................................................................................................................................................................41
88. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO SPEAK GOOD WORDS AND DISPLAY A CHEERFUL
FACE WHEN YOU MEET SOMEONE ............................................................................................................................42
89. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO SPEAK PLAINLY AND CLEARLY AND ON REPEATING
THINGS SO THAT THE ONE WHO DID NOT UNDERSTOOD THEM WILL UNDERSTAND..............................42
90. CHAPTER: ON LISTENING TO ONE'S COMPANION AS LONG AS IT IS NOT UNLAWFUL, AND
LISTENING CAREFULLY TO SCHOLARS AND ADMONISHERS...........................................................................42
91. CHAPTER: ON ADMONITION AND MODERATION IN IT...................................................................................42
92. CHAPTER: ON DIGNITY AND CALMNESS...........................................................................................................42
93. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION OF GOING TO THE PRAYER AND TO KNOWLEDGE AND
OTHER FORMS OF WORSHIP WITH CALMNESS AND DIGNITY..........................................................................42
94. CHAPTER: ON HONOURING THE GUEST............................................................................................................42
95. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO CONVEY GOOD NEWS AND CONGRATULATE PEOPLE
...............................................................................................................................................................................................43
96. CHAPTER: ON SOMEONE SAYING FAREWELL AND HIS ADVICE WHEN HE DEPARTS ON A
JOURNEY AND SUPPLICATION FOR HIM AND BY HIM .........................................................................................43
97. CHAPTER: ON THE ISTIKHARA AND CONSULTATION ...................................................................................43
98. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION ON GOING TO THE 'ID, VISITING THE SICK, GOING ON
HAJJ, EXPEDITIONS, FUNERALS, ETC, BY ONE ROUTE, AND RETURNING BY A DIFFERENT ROUTE IN
INCREASE THE NUMBER OF PLACES OF WORSHIP.............................................................................................44
99. CHAPTER: THE RECOMMENDATION TO USE THE RIGHT FIRST IN THINGS THAT ENTAIL HONOUR,
LIKE WUDU', GHUSL, AND TAYAMMUM, PUTTING ON CLOTHES, SHOES, LEATHER SOCKS AND
TROUSERS, ENTERING THE MOSQUE, USING THE SIWAK STICK, USING KOHL, CUTTING NAILS,
TRIMMING THE MOUSTACHE, PLUCKING THE ARMPIT AND SHAVING THE HEAD, GIVING THE SALAM
IN THE PRAYER, EATING AND DRINKING, SHAKING HANDS, GREETING THE BLACK STONE, LEAVING
THE LAVATORY, TAKING THE GIFT, AND OTHER SUCH THINGS. THE RECOMMENDATION TO USE
THE LEFT IN THE OPPOSITE OF THAT, LIKE BLOWING THE NOSE, SPITTING, ENTERING THE
LAVATORY AND LEAVING THE MOSQUE, REMOVING LEATHER SOCKS, SANDALS, TROUSERS AND
CLOTHES, CLEANING ONESELF IN THE LAVATORY, DOING UNCLEAN THINGS, AND THE LIKE...........44
BOOK ON THE ADAB RELATED TO FOOD................................................................................................................44
100. CHAPTER: ON SAYING THE BASMALA WHEN STARTING TO EAT AND PRAISING ALLAH
AFTERWARDS ..................................................................................................................................................................44
101. CHAPTER: ON NOT CRITICISING FOOD AND THE RECOMMENDATION TO PRAISE IT ......................44
102. CHAPTER: ON WHAT SOMEONE SAYS WHEN FOOD IS BROUGHT WHEN HE IS FASTING AND HE
DOES NOT BREAK HIS FAST .......................................................................................................................................44
103. CHAPTER: ON WHAT SOMEONE SAYS WHEN INVITED TO EAT AND IS FOLLOWED BY SOMEONE
...............................................................................................................................................................................................45
104. CHAPTER: ON EATING FROM IN FRONT OF ONE AND INSTRUCTING SOMEONE WHO EATS
BADLY.................................................................................................................................................................................45
105. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST JOINING TWO DATES OR THE LIKE TOGETHER
WHEN A GROUP EAT WITHOUT HIS COMPANIONS' PERMISSION....................................................................45
106. CHAPTER: WHAT ONE SAYS AND DOES WHEN HE EATS WITHOUT BECOMING FULL ....................45
107. CHAPTER: ON THE COMMAND TO EAT FROM THE SIDE OF THE DISH AND THE PROHIBITION
AGAINST EATING FROM THE MIDDLE .......................................................................................................................45
108. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO EAT RECLINING...............................................................................45
109: CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO EAT WITH THREE FINGERS AND THE
RECOMMENDATION TO LICK THE FINGERS. IT BEING DISLIKED TO WIPE THEM BEFORE LICKING
THEM. THE RECOMMENDATION TO LICK THE PLATE AND PICK UP THE MORSEL WHICH HAS FALLEN
AND EAT IT. PERMISSION TO WIPE THE HAND ON THE ARM, FOOT, ETC. AFTER LICKING IT................45
110. CHAPTER: ON A LOT OF HANDS FOR THE FOOD.........................................................................................46
111. CHAPTER: ON THE PROPER MANNER OF DRINKING AND THE RECOMMENDATION TO TAKE
THREE BREATHS OUTSIDE THE VESSEL AND IT BEING DISLIKED TO BREATHE INTO THE VESSEL.
THE RECOMMENDATION TO PASS THE VESSEL AROUND TO THE RIGHT....................................................46
112. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO DRINK FROM THE MOUTH OF THE VESSEL, AND THE
CLARIFICATION THAT THE DISLIKE IS NOT A PROHIBITION..............................................................................46
113. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO BLOW ON DRINKS..........................................................................46
114. CHAPTER: ON THE PERMISSION TO DRINK WHILE STANDING AND CLARIFICATION THAT IT IS
BETTER AND MORE PERFECT TO DRINK SITTING ................................................................................................46
115. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION FOR THE ONE PROVIDING THE DRINK TO BE THE LAST
TO DRINK ...........................................................................................................................................................................46
116. CHAPTER: ON THE PERMISSION TO DRINK FROM ALL PURE VESSELS EXCEPT THOSE MADE OF
GOLD AND SILVER; THE PERMISSIBILITY OF DRINKING STRAIGHT FROM RIVERS WITH THE MOUTH
WITHOUT VESSEL OR HAND. THE PROHIBITION AGAINST USING GOLD AND SILVER VESSELS FOR
EATING AND DRINKING, PURIFICATION AND OTHER USES...............................................................................46
BOOK OF CLOTHING......................................................................................................................................................47
117. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO WEAR WHITE CLOTHES, AND THE PERMISSION TO
WEAR RED, GREEN, YELLOW AND BLACK, AND THE PERMISSION TO WEAR COTTON, HAIR, WOOL
AND OTHER THINGS EXCEPT SILK............................................................................................................................47
118. CHAPTER: ON RECOMMENDING SHIRTS.........................................................................................................47
119. CHAPTER: ON THE LENGTH OF THE SHIRT, SLEEVE, AND WRAPPER, AND THE END OF THE
TURBAN, AND THE PROHIBITION AGAINST LETTING ANY OF THAT HANG DOWN OUT OF
ARROGANCE, AND THE DISLIKE OF IT WHEN IT IS WITHOUT ARROGANCE ................................................47
120. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO AVOID FINE CLOTHING OUT OF HUMILITY..................48
121. CHAPTER ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO TAKE A MIDDLE COURSE IN CLOTHES AND NOT TO
CONFINE ONESELF TO WHAT IS MISERABLE WITHOUT NEED OR LEGITIMATE AIM.................................48
122. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SILK GARMENTS FOR MEN AND THEM SITTING AND
LEANING ON SILK, WHILE IT IS PERMITTED FOR WOMEN TO WEAR IT .........................................................48
123. CHAPTER: ON THE PERMISSION TO WEAR SILK IF ONE HAS THE ITCH...............................................48
124. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SITTING AND RIDING ON TIGER SKINS.........................48
125. CHAPTER: ON WHAT ONE SAYS WHEN ONE PUTS ON A NEW GARMENT OR SHOES .....................48
126. CHAPTER: THE RECOMMENDATION TO BEGIN WITH THE RIGHT WHEN DRESSING........................48
BOOK OF THE ADAB OF SLEEP..................................................................................................................................49
127. CHAPTER: ON THE ADAB OF SLEEP AND LYING DOWN............................................................................49
128. CHAPTER: ON THE PERMISSION TO LIE ON ONE'S BACK AND PUT ONE LEG ACROSS THE
OTHER WHEN ONE'S PRIVATE PARTS ARE NOT EXPOSED, AND THE PERMISSION TO SIT CROSSLEGGED
AND SITTING WITH ONE'S LEGS DRAWN UP.........................................................................................49
129. CHAPTER: ON THE ADAB OF THE ASSEMBLY AND THOSE WHO SIT IN IT...........................................49
130. CHAPTER: ON DREAMS AND WHAT IS CONNECTED TO THEM................................................................50
BOOK OF THE GREETING.............................................................................................................................................50
131. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF THE GREETING AND THE COMMAND TO MAKE IT COMMON
PRACTICE ..........................................................................................................................................................................50
132. CHAPTER: ON THE FORM OF THE GREETING................................................................................................50
133. CHAPTER: ON THE ADAB OF THE GREETING................................................................................................51
134. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO REPEAT THE GREETING TO THE ONE HE MEETS
AFTER A SHORT TIME SINCE HE HAS COME IN OR GONE OUT AND THEN RETURNED IMMEDIATELY,
OR A TREE OR THE LIKE HAS COME BETWEEN THEM........................................................................................51
135. CHAPTER: THE RECOMMENDATION TO GREET WHEN ENTERING ONE'S HOME...............................51
136. CHAPTER: ON GREETING CHILDREN................................................................................................................51
137. CHAPTER: ON A MAN GREETING HIS WIFE, FEMALE RELATIVES AND WOMEN WHO ARE NOT
RELATIVES IF NO TEMPTATION IS FEARED. GREETING THEM IS BASED ON THIS PRECONDITION.....51
138. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST BEING THE FIRST TO GREET AN UNBELIEVER AND
HOW TO RETURN THEIR GREETING. THE RECOMMENDATION TO GREET THE PEOPLE OF A MIXED
ASSEMBLY OF MUSLIMS AND UNBELIEVERS ........................................................................................................52
139. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO GIVE THE GREETING WHEN LEAVING AN ASSEMBLY
AND PARTING FROM ONE'S COMPANIONS .............................................................................................................52
140. CHAPTER: ON ASKING PERMISSION TO ENTER AND ITS ADAB..............................................................52
141. CHAPTER: ON THE MAKING IT CLEAR THAT THE SUNNA IS THAT WHEN THE ONE FROM WHOM
ONE ASKS PERMISSION TO ENTER SAYS, "WHO IS IT?" HE SHOULD NAME HIMSELF IN THE MANNER
BY WHICH HE IS KNOWN BY AND NOT SAY "I" ......................................................................................................52
142. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO BLESS SOMEONE WHO SNEEZES WHEN HE
PRAISES ALLAH AND DISLIKE OF DOING IT IF HE HAS NOT PRAISED ALLAH; CLARIFICATION OF THE
ADAB OF BLESSING THE SNEEZER, SNEEZING, AND YAWNING......................................................................52
143. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO SHAKE HANDS WHEN MEETING AND HAVING A
CHEERFUL FACE, AND KISSING THE HAND OF A RIGHTEOUS MAN AND KISSING ONE'S CHILD OUT
OF COMPASSION, EMBRACING THE ONE WHO ARRIVES FROM A JOURNEY AND THE DISLIKE OF
BOWING..............................................................................................................................................................................53
BOOK ON VISITING THE SICK......................................................................................................................................53
144. CHAPTER: ON VISITING THE SICK, ESCORTING THE DEAD AND PRAYING OVER HIM AND
ATTENDING HIS BURIAL AND REMAINING AT HIS GRAVE AFTER HIS BURIAL............................................53
145. CHAPTER: ON SUPPLICATION FOR THE PERSON WHO IS ILL .................................................................53
146. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO ASK THE FAMILY OF A SICK PERSON ABOUT HOW
HE IS....................................................................................................................................................................................54
147. CHAPTER: ON WHAT IS SAID BY ONE WHO DESPAIRS OF LIFE..............................................................54
148. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO ADVISE THE FAMILY OF THE SICK PERSON AND
THOSE LOOKING AFTER HIM TO TREAT HIM WELL, PUT UP WITH HIM AND BE PATIENT IN
DIFFICULTIES HE POSES. THE SAME TREATMENT APPLIES TO THE ONE WHO IS APPROACHING
DEATH BECAUSE OF A HADD, RETALIATION OR THE LIKE...............................................................................54
149. CHAPTER: ON THE PERMISSION FOR THE SICK PERSON TO SAY, "I HAVE A PAIN" OR "A
TERRIBLE PAIN", "I HAVE A FEVER" OR "O MY HEAD!" AND THE CLARIFICATION THAT THAT IS NOT
DISLIKED IF IT IS NOT DUE TO EXASPERATION.....................................................................................................54
150. CHAPTER: ON INSTRUCTING THE DYING TO SAY "THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH" ........................54
151. CHAPTER: ON WHAT IS SAID WHEN THE DYING PERSON'S EYES BECOME FIXED ..........................54
152. CHAPTER: ON WHAT IS SAID IN THE PRESENCE OF A DEAD PERSON.................................................55
153. CHAPTER: ON THE PERMISSION TO WEEP FOR SOMEONE WHO HAS DIED WITHOUT WAILING.55
154. CHAPTER: ON REFRAINING FROM MENTIONING ANYTHING DISLIKED IN THE CORPSE.................55
155. CHAPTER: THE PRAYER OVER THE DEAD, ESCORTING HIM AND BEING PRESENT AT HIS
BURIAL, AND THE DISLIKE FOR WOMEN TO FOLLOW FUNERAL PROCESSIONS.......................................55
156. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION FOR MANY PEOPLE TO PRAY THE FUNERAL PRAYER
AND TO MAKE THEIR ROWS THREE OR MORE ......................................................................................................55
157. CHAPTER: WHAT IS RECITED IN THE FUNERAL PRAYER..........................................................................56
158. CHAPTER: ON CARRYING THE BIER QUICKLY ..............................................................................................56
159. CHAPTER: ON FIRST SETTLING THE DEBTS OF THE DECEASED AND MAKING HASTE TO
PREPARE HIM FOR BURIAL UNLESS HE DIED SUDDENLY, IN WHICH CASE HE IS LEFT UNTIL ONE IS
SURE OF DEATH..............................................................................................................................................................56
160. CHAPTER: ON ADMONITION AT THE GRAVE..................................................................................................57
161. CHAPTER: ON SUPPLICATION FOR THE DECEASED AFTER HIS BURIAL AND STAYING AT THE
GRAVE FOR A TIME FOR SUPPLICATION, ASKING FORGIVENESS AND RECITATION...............................57
162. CHAPTER: ON SADAQA AND SUPPLICATION FOR THE DECEASED.......................................................57
163. CHAPTER: ON PEOPLE PRAISING THE DEAD PERSON ..............................................................................57
164. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF THE ONE WHO DIES LEAVING YOUNG CHILDREN.......................57
165. CHAPTER: ON WEEPING AND FEAR WHEN PASSING THE GRAVES AND RUINS OF THE
WRONGDOERS, AND DISPLAYING NEED OF ALLAH AND CAUTIONING AGAINST BEING UNMINDFUL
OF THAT .............................................................................................................................................................................57
BOOK OF THE ADAB OF TRAVELLING ......................................................................................................................58
166. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO SET OUT ON A JOURNEY ON A THURSDAY AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE DAY...............................................................................................................................................58
167. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO HAVE COMPANY ON A JOURNEY AND THE
TRAVELLERS SHOULD APPOINT SOMEONE AS THEIR AMIR WHOM THEY WILL OBEY ...........................58
168. CHAPTER: ON THE ADAB OF TRAVELLING, STOPPING, SPENDING THE NIGHT AND SLEEPING
ON THE JOURNEY. THE RECOMMENDATION TO TRAVEL BY NIGHT AND TO BE KIND TO ANIMALS
AND SEE TO THEIR BEST INTERESTS .......................................................................................................................58
169: ON HELPING ONE'S COMPANION......................................................................................................................59
170. CHAPTER: ON WHAT ONE SAYS WHEN ONE MOUNTING FOR A JOURNEY.........................................59
171. CHAPTER: THE TAKBIR OF THE TRAVELLER WHEN HE ASCENDS, HIS TASBIH WHEN HE
DESCENDS AND THE PROHIBITION AGAINST RAISING THE VOICE WITH THE TAKBIR............................59
172. CHAPTER: THE RECOMMENDATION TO MAKE SUPPLICATION DURING THE JOURNEY.................59
173. CHAPTER: ON WHAT SUPPLICATION IS MADE WHEN ONE IS AFRAID OF PEOPLE OR
SOMETHING ELSE...........................................................................................................................................................60
174. CHAPTER: ON WHAT ONE SAYS WHEN ONE ALIGHTS AT A PLACE ......................................................60
175. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION FOR THE TRAVELLER TO MAKE HASTE TO RETURN TO
HIS FAMILY WHEN HE HAS ACHIEVED HIS PURPOSE..........................................................................................60
176. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO COME TO ONE'S FAMILY DURING THE DAY AND THE
DISLIKE OF ARRIVING AT NIGHT WHEN THAT IS NOT NECESSARY................................................................60
177. CHAPTER: ON WHAT ONE SAYS WHEN HE RETURNS AND SEES HIS TOWN......................................60
178. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION FOR THE ONE WHO ARRIVES TO GO FIRST TO THE
MOSQUE IN HIS AREA AND PRAY TWO RAK'ATS IN IT ........................................................................................60
179. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING A WOMAN TO TRAVEL ON HER OWN.........................................................60
BOOK OF VIRTUES..........................................................................................................................................................60
180. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF RECITING THE QUR'AN..................................................................60
182. CHAPTER: ON THE COMMAND TO CONTINUE RECITING THE QUR'AN AND BEING CAREFUL NOT
TO ALLOW ONESELF TO FORGET IT..........................................................................................................................61
182. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO HAVE GOOD VOICE IN RECITING THE QUR'AN AND
ASKING SOMEONE WITH A GOOD VOICE TO RECITE AND LISTENING TO IT ...............................................61
183. CHAPTER: ON ENCOURAGING THE RECITATION OF CERTAIN SURAS AND AYATS.........................61
184. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO MEET TOGETHER FOR RECITATION .............................62
185. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF WUDU' .................................................................................................63
186. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF THE ADHAN .......................................................................................63
187. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF THE PRAYERS ..................................................................................64
188. CHAPTER: ON THE SUBH AND 'ASR PRAYERS .............................................................................................64
189. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF WALKING TO THE MOSQUE .........................................................64
190. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF WAITING FOR THE PRAYER .........................................................65
191. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF THE GROUP PRAYER .....................................................................65
192. CHAPTER: ENCOURAGEMENT TO ATTEND THE GROUP PRAYERS AT SUBH AND 'ISHA' ..............65
193. CHAPTER: ON THE COMMAND TO PERSEVERE IN THE PRESCRIBED PRAYERS AND THE
STRONGEST PROHIBITION AGAINST ABANDONING THEM................................................................................66
194. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF THE FIRST ROW AND THE COMMAND TO COMPLETE THE
FIRST ROWS AND MAKE THEM STRAIGHT AND CLOSE TOGETHER...............................................................66
195. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF DOING THE SUNNAS WITH THE OBLIGATORY PRAYERS, AND
CLARIFICATION OF THE LEAST OF THEM, THE MOST PERFECT, AND WHAT IS BETWEEN THAT ........67
196. CHAPTER: THE IMPORTANCE OF THE TWO RAK'ATS WHICH ARE THE SUNNA OF SUBH..............67
197. CHAPTER: ON TWO QUICK RAK'ATS FOR FAJR AND CLARIFICATION OF WHAT IS RECITED IN
THEM AND THEIR TIME..................................................................................................................................................67
198. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO LIE DOWN ON THE RIGHT SIDE AFTER THE TWO
RAK'ATS OF FAJR AND ENCOURAGING DOING THAT WHETHER OR NOT ONE HAS PRAYED
VOLUNTARY PRAYERS IN THE NIGHT.......................................................................................................................68
199. CHAPTER: ON THE SUNNA OF DHUHR.............................................................................................................68
200. CHAPTER: ON THE SUNNA OF 'ASR..................................................................................................................68
201. CHAPTER: ON THE SUNNA BEFORE AND AFTER MAGHRIB.....................................................................68
202. CHAPTER: ON THE SUNNA BEFORE AND AFTER 'ISHA'.............................................................................68
203. CHAPTER: THE SUNNA OF JUMU'A...................................................................................................................68
204. CHAPTER: THE RECOMMENDATION TO PRAY VOLUNTARY PRAYERS AT HOME BUT NOT
OBLIGATORY PRAYERS. THE COMMAND TO MOVE FROM THE PLACE WHERE ONE DID THE
OBLIGATORY PRAYER OR TO SPEAK BEFORE DOING THE VOLUNTARY PRAYER...................................68
205. CHAPTER: ON ENCOURAGING PERFORMANCE OF THE WITR PRAYER AND CLARIFICATION
THAT IT IS CONFIRMED, AND MAKING ITS TIME CLEAR......................................................................................69
206. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF THE DUHA PRAYER, CLARIFICATION OF ITS MINIMUM,
MAXIMUM AND MIDDLE SIZE, AND THE ENCOURAGEMENT TO PERSEVERE IN DOING IT ......................69
207. CHAPTER: PERMISSION TO PRAY DUHA FROM THE TIME THE SUN IS HIGH UNTIL NOON. IT IS
BEST TO PRAY IT WHEN IT IS VERY HOT AND WELL INTO MID-MORNING....................................................69
208. CHAPTER: THE ENCOURAGEMENT TO PRAY THE TWO RAK'AT PRAYER OF GREETING WHEN
ENTERING THE MOSQUE, AND IT BEING DISLIKED TO SIT DOWN BEFORE PRAYING THE TWO
RAK'ATS AT WHATEVER TIME ONE ENTERS, WHETHER THAT BE THE TWO RAK'ATS OF GREETING,
OR AN OBLIGATORY OR SUNNA PRAYER ...............................................................................................................69
209. CHAPTER: THE RECOMMENDATION TO PRAY TWO RAK'ATS AFTER DOING WUDU'.......................69
210. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF THE DAY OF JUMU'A, ITS OBLIGATORY NATURE AND
WASHING FOR IT, PUTTING ON SCENT AND GOING EARLY TO IT. SUPPLICATION ON FRIDAY AND
THE PRAYER ON THE PROPHET. CLARIFICATION OF THE TIME WHEN SUPPLICATION IS ANSWERED.
THE RECOMMENDATION OF REMEMBERING ALLAH OFTEN AFTER JUMU'A..............................................70
211. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO PERFORM THE PROSTRATION OF GRATITUDE WHEN
ONE OBTAINS A BLESSING OR AN AFFLICTION IS AVERTED...........................................................................70
212. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF RISING IN THE NIGHT TO PRAY...................................................70
213. CHAPTER: THE RECOMMENDATION TO PRAY AT NIGHT IN RAMADAN - THAT IS THE TARAWIH
PRAYERS ...........................................................................................................................................................................72
214. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF PRAYING IN THE NIGHT OF POWER ..........................................72
214. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF THE SIWAK AND THE QUALITIES OF THE NATURAL FORM
(FITRA) ................................................................................................................................................................................72
216. CHAPTER: STRESSING THE OBLIGATION OF ZAKAT AND CLARIFICATION OF ITS EXCELLENCE
AND WHAT IS CONNECTED TO IT...............................................................................................................................72
217. CHAPTER: ON THE OBLIGATION TO FAST RAMADAN AND CLARIFICATION OF THE EXCELLENCE
OF FASTING AND WHAT IS CONNECTED TO IT ......................................................................................................74
218. CHAPTER: ON GENEROSITY, CHARITY AND DOING MUCH GOOD IN THE MONTH OF RAMADAN,
AND INCREASING THAT IN THE LAST TEN DAYS OF THE MONTH...................................................................74
219. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST FASTING BEFORE RAMADAN AFTER THE MIDDLE OF
SHA'BAN UNLESS THAT FASTING IS CONNECTED TO WHAT IS BEFORE IT AND COINCIDES WITH HIS
HABIT, LIKE FASTING MONDAY AND THURSDAY..................................................................................................74
220. CHAPTER: ON WHAT ONE SAYS WHEN SEEING THE NEW MOON ..........................................................75
221. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF SUHUR AND DELAYING IT AS LONG AS ONE DOES NOT FEAR
THE APPROACH OF DAWN...........................................................................................................................................75
222. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF HASTENING TO BREAK THE FAST AND THAT WITH WHICH
ONE BREAKS THE FAST AND WHAT ONE SAYS AFTER BREAKING THE FAST ...........................................75
223. CHAPTER: ON COMMANDING THE FASTER TO GUARD HIS TONGUE AND LIMBS FROM
INCORRECT ACTIONS, VERBAL ABUSE AND THE LIKE.......................................................................................75
224. CHAPTER: ON QUESTIONS REGARDING FASTING.......................................................................................75
225. CHAPTER: CLARIFICATION OF THE EXCELLENCE OF FASTING MUHARRAM, SHA'BAN AND THE
SACRED MONTHS ...........................................................................................................................................................76
226. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF FASTING AND OTHER THINGS IN THE FIRST 10 DAYS OF
DHU'L-HIJJA......................................................................................................................................................................76
227. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF FASTING THE DAY OF 'ARAFA, 'ASHURA' AND THE NINTH
OF MUHARRAM................................................................................................................................................................76
228. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO FAST SIX DAYS OF SHAWWAL........................................76
229. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO FAST MONDAYS AND THURSDAYS ...............................76
230. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION TO FAST THREE DAYS OF EVERY MONTH.........................76
231. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE GIVING THE FASTER SOMETHING WITH WHICH TO BREAK THE
FAST, AND THE EXCELLENCE OF THE FASTER WHEN PEOPLE EAT IN HIS PRESENCE AND THE
SUPPLICATION OF THE ONE WHO EATS FOR WHAT IS EATEN ........................................................................77
232. BOOK OF I'TIKAF ....................................................................................................................................................77
233. BOOK OF HAJJ........................................................................................................................................................77
BOOK OF JIHAD...............................................................................................................................................................78
234. THE EXCELLENCE OF JIHAD ...............................................................................................................................78
235. CHAPTER: ON THE CLARIFICATION OF THOSE WHO ARE MARTYRS IN RESPECT OF THE
REWARD OF THE NEXT WORLD, BUT WHO ARE WASHED AND PRAYED OVER, WHICH IS THE NOT
THE CASE WITH THOSE KILLED FIGHTING THE UNBELIEVERS........................................................................81
236. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF FREEING SLAVES............................................................................81
237. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF BEING GOOD TO SLAVES .............................................................82
238. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF A SLAVE WHO FULFILS THE RIGHT HE OWES ALLAH AND
THE RIGHT OF HIS MASTERS ......................................................................................................................................82
239. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF WORSHIP IN TIMES OF VIOLENT TURBULENCE, WHICH IS
CONFUSION, CIVIL STRIFE AND THE LIKE ...............................................................................................................82
240. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF BEING GENEROUS IN BUYING AND SELLING, TAKING AND
GIVING, SETTLING DEBTS AND ACCOUNTS WELL, GIVING SLIGHTLY MORE IN THE MEASURE AND
WEIGHING, AND THE PROHIBITION AGAINST BEING STINGY. THE EXCELLENCE OF GRANTING A
DELAY TO THE WEALTHY AND THE ONE IN HARDSHIP, OR CANCELLING THE DEBT ..............................82
BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE.................................................................................................................................................83
241. CHAPTER: THE EXCELLENCE OF KNOWLEDGE ...........................................................................................83
BOOK OF PRAISE OF ALLAH AND THANKFULNESS TO HIM..............................................................................84
242. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF PRAISE AND THANKFULNESS.....................................................84
BOOK ON THE PRAYER ON THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH ..................................................................................84
243. CHAPTER: ON THE PRAYER ON THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH.................................................................84
BOOK OF DHIKR ..............................................................................................................................................................85
244. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF DHIKR AND ENCOURAGING IT ....................................................85
245. CHAPTER: ON REMEMBERING ALLAH ALMIGHTY STANDING, SITTING AND LYING DOWN, AND
WHILE IN A STATE OF MAJOR IMPURITY, MINOR IMPURITY AND WHILE MENSTRUATING - EXCEPT
FOR THE QUR'AN WHICH IS NOT LAWFUL FOR SOMEONE IN A STATE OF MAJOR IMPURITY OR
MENSTRUATING...............................................................................................................................................................87
246. CHAPTER: WHAT ONE SAYS WHEN GOING TO SLEEP AND WAKING UP .............................................87
247. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF CIRCLES OF DHIKR, AND THE RECOMMENDATION TO JOIN
THEM AND THE PROHIBITION AGAINST PARTING FROM THEM WITHOUT EXCUSE ..................................87
248. CHAPTER: ON DHIKR MORNING AND EVENING.............................................................................................88
249. CHAPTER: ON WHAT TO SAY WHEN GOING TO SLEEP..............................................................................88
BOOK OF SUPPLICATIONS...........................................................................................................................................89
250. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF SUPPLICATION.................................................................................89
251. CHAPTER: ON THE EXCELLENCE OF SUPPLICATION FOR THOSE WHO ARE ABSENT ...................91
252. CHAPTER: VARIOUS MATTERS CONCERNING SUPPLICATION................................................................91
253. CHAPTER: THE MIRACLES OF THE FRIENDS OF ALLAH AND THEIR EXCELLENCE .........................91
BOOK ON THINGS WHICH ARE FORBIDDEN............................................................................................................92
254. CHAPTER: THE PROHIBITION AGAINST BACKBITING AND THE COMMAND TO GUARD THE
TONGUE..............................................................................................................................................................................92
255. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST LISTENING TO BACKBITING. THE COMMAND THAT
SOMEONE WHO HEARS BACKBITING SHOULD REFUTE IT OR OBJECT TO IT BEING SAID. IF HE IS
UNABLE TO DO THAT OR THE SPEAKER DOES NOT ACCEPT HIS OBJECTION, THEN HE SHOULD
LEAVE THAT GATHERING IF HE CAN.........................................................................................................................93
256. CHAPTER: ON WHAT IS PERMITTED IN TALKING ABOUT PEOPLE.........................................................94
257. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SLANDER, WHICH IS CARRYING TALES BETWEEN
PEOPLE IN ORDER TO CREATE TROUBLE...............................................................................................................94
258. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST CARRYING TALES AND THINGS THAT PEOPLE HAVE
SAID TO THOSE IN AUTHORITY IF THERE IS NO NEED FOR THAT, FOR INSTANCE, FEAR OF
CORRUPTION, ETC..........................................................................................................................................................95
259. CHAPTER: ON THE CENSURE OF BEING TWO-FACED................................................................................95
260. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST LYING.......................................................................................95
261. CHAPTER: ON THE CLARIFICATION OF WHAT LYING IS PERMITTED ....................................................96
262. CHAPTER: ON THE ENCOURAGEMENT TO VERIFY WHAT ONE SAYS AND RELATES......................96
263. CHAPTER: ON THE CLARIFICATION OF THE SEVERE PROHIBITION AGAINST GIVING FALSE
WITNESS ............................................................................................................................................................................97
264. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST CURSING A MAN OR AN ANIMAL ....................................97
265. CHAPTER: ON THE PERMISSION TO CURSE SOME OF THOSE WHO REBEL AGAINST ALLAH
WITHOUT SPECIFYING THEM.......................................................................................................................................97
266. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST ABUSING A MUSLIM WITHOUT CAUSE .........................97
267. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST ABUSING THE DEAD WITHOUT CAUSE AND BENEFIT
IN THE SHARI'A................................................................................................................................................................98
268. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING INJURY .................................................................................................................98
269. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING MUTUAL RANCOUR, CUTTING ONE OTHER OFF AND MUTUAL
HOSTILITY..........................................................................................................................................................................98
270. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST ENVY........................................................................................98
271. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SPYING....................................................................................98
272. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST HAVING A BAD OPINION OF THE MUSLIMS
UNNECESSARILY.............................................................................................................................................................99
273. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING AGAINST DESPISING THE MUSLIMS...........................................................99
274. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST GLOATING OVER A MUSLIM'S MISFORTUNE..............99
275. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING ATTACKING SOMEONE'S LINEAGE.............................................................99
276. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST CHEATING AND DECEIT.....................................................99
277. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING TREACHERY.....................................................................................................100
278. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST USING A GIFT TO CAUSE A SENSE OF
INDEBTEDNESS .............................................................................................................................................................100
279. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST BOASTFULNESS AND ARROGANCE............................100
280. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING MUSLIMS DISASSOCIATING THEMSELVES FROM ONE ANOTHER
FOR MORE THAN THREE DAYS EXCEPT IN THE CAUSE OF AN INNOVATION OR CLEAR INIQUITY OR
THE LIKE ..........................................................................................................................................................................100
281. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST TWO PEOPLE CONVERSING TO THE EXCLUSION OF
A THIRD WITHOUT HIS PERMISSION EXCEPT IN CASE OF NEED. IT IS THE SAME IF TWO PEOPLE
SPEAK IN A LANGUAGE WHICH HE DOES NOT UNDERSTAND. ......................................................................101
282. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST CRUELTY TO A SLAVE, ANIMAL, WOMAN, OR CHILD
WITHOUT LEGITIMATE REASON...............................................................................................................................101
283. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING PUNISHING WITH FIRE ANY LIVE CREATURE, EVEN AN ANT...........102
284. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING THE RICH PERSON TO PROCRASTINATE PAYING WHAT HE OWES
.............................................................................................................................................................................................102
285. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED FOR A MAN TO TAKE BACK HIS GIFT WHETHER HE HAS
HANDED IT OVER TO THE OTHER PERSON OR NOT, AND ON THE GIFT GIVEN TO HIS SON, WHETHER
IT HAS BEEN HANDED OVER OR NOT. ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO PURCHASE SOMETHING WHICH HE
HAD GIVEN AS SADAQA, PAID AS ZAKAT OR IN EXPIATION FROM THE ONE TO WHOM HE GAVE IT,
BUT THERE IS NO OBJECTION TO HIM BUYING IT FROM A THIRD PARTY..................................................102
286. CHAPTER: ON STRESSING THE INVIOLABILITY OF AN ORPHAN'S PROPERTY................................102
287. CHAPTER: ON THE STERN PROHIBITION OF USURY.................................................................................102
288. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING SHOWING-OFF .................................................................................................102
289. CHAPTER: WHAT MIGHT BE CONSIDERED SHOWING-OFF, BUT WHICH IS NOT ACTUALLY
SHOWING-OFF................................................................................................................................................................103
290. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING LOOKING AT UNRELATED WOMEN AND HANDSOME YOUTHS
WITHOUT A LEGITIMATE REASON...........................................................................................................................103
291. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST BEING ALONE WITH AN UNRELATED WOMAN.........103
292. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING MEN TRYING TO LOOK LIKE WOMEN AND WOMEN TRYING TO LOOK
LIKE MEN IN CLOTHING, MOVEMENTS, ETC..........................................................................................................104
293. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST BEING LIKE SHAYTAN AND THE UNBELIEVERS......104
294. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST A MAN OR WOMAN DYEING THEIR HAIR BLACK.....104
295. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SHAVING ONLY PART OF THE HEAD AND THE
PERMISSION FOR A MAN, BUT NOT A WOMAN TO SHAVE IT ALL .................................................................104
296. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING JOINING ON FALSE HAIR, TATTOOING, AND FILING THE TEETH....104
297. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST PLUCKING OUT WHITE HAIR FROM THE BEARD AND
HEAD, AND AGAINST A YOUNG MAN PLUCKING OUT THE HAIR OF HIS BEARD WHEN IT FIRST
APPEARS .........................................................................................................................................................................105
298. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO CLEAN ONESELF IN THE LAVATORY WITH THE RIGHT
HAND AND TO TOUCH THE GENITALS WITH THE RIGHT HAND FOR NO REASON ...................................105
299. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO WALK IN ONLY ONE SHOE OR SOCK FOR NO REASON,
AND ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO PUT ON SHOES AND SOCKS WHILE STANDING FOR NO REASON...105
300. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST LEAVING A FIRE AND THE LIKE BURNING, WHETHER
IN A LAMP OR ANYTHING ELSE, WHEN GOING TO SLEEP ...............................................................................105
301. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION OF AFFECTATION, WHICH ARE WORDS AND ACTIONS WHICH
ARE WITHOUT BENEFIT ..............................................................................................................................................105
302. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING WAILING OVER THE DEAD, SLAPPING THE CHEEKS, TEARING THE
SHIRT, PULLING OUT THE HAIR AND SHAVING IT, AND AGAINST PRAYING FOR DESTRUCTION.......105
303. CHAPTER: THE PROHIBITION AGAINST GOING TO SOOTHSAYERS, ASTROLOGERS, DIVINERS
AND LOOKING FOR OMENS.......................................................................................................................................106
304. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST BELIEVING IN BAD OMENS.............................................106
305. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST DEPICTING LIVING CREATURES ON RUGS, STONES,
CLOTHES, DIRHAMS, CUSHIONS, DINARS, PILLOWS, ETC. THE PROHIBITION AGAINST PUTTING
IMAGES ON WALLS, CURTAINS, TURBANS, CLOTHES, ETC. THE COMMAND TO EFFACE IMAGES ...106
306. CHAPTER: THE PROHIBITION AGAINST KEEPING A DOG EXCEPT FOR HUNTING, HERDING OR
FARMING..........................................................................................................................................................................107
307. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO HANG BELLS FROM CAMELS AND OTHER ANIMALS, AND
IT BEING DISLIKED TO BE ACCOMPANIED BY A DOG OR BELL IN A JOURNEY........................................107
308. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO RIDE A CAMEL THAT EATS DUNG. IF IT THEN EATS PURE
FODDER AND ITS FLESH IS WHOLESOME, THEN THE DISLIKE IS REMOVED ............................................107
309. CHAPTER: THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SPITTING IN THE MOSQUE AND THE COMMAND TO
REMOVE SPIT FROM IT WHEN IT IS FOUND THERE. THE COMMAND TO KEEP THE MOSQUE FREE OF
IMPURITIES......................................................................................................................................................................107
310. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO ARGUE IN THE MOSQUE OR TO RAISE VOICES THERE,
ANNOUNCE A LOST ANIMAL, BUY AND SELL, RENT AND OTHER TRANSACTIONS.................................108
311. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST ENTERING THE MOSQUE FOR THE ONE WHO EATS
EATING GARLIC, ONIONS, LEEKS, AND OTHER THINGS WHICH HAVE AN OBJECTIONABLE SMELL
UNTIL ITS SMELL DEPARTS, EXCEPT IN CASE OF NECESSITY ......................................................................108
312. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO SIT WITH THE LEGS UP ON THE DAY OF JUMU'A WHILE
THE IMAM WAS GIVING THE KHUTBA BECAUSE THAT MAKES ONE SLEEPY AND HE WILL NOT MISS
PROPERLY TO THE KHUTBA AND HE MIGHT BREAK WUDU' ..........................................................................108
313. CHAPTER: WHEN SOMEONE WANTS TO SACRIFICE ON THE TENTH OF DHU'L-HIJJA, HE IS
PROHIBITED FROM CUTTING ANY OF HIS HAIR OR NAILS UNTIL HE HAS SACRIFICED.........................108
314. CHAPTER: THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SWEARING BY A CREATURE LIKE THE PROPHET, THE
KA'BA, THE ANGELS, HEAVEN, FATHERS, LIFE, THE SPIRIT, THE HEAD, THE LIFE OF THE SULTAN,
THE BLESSING OF THE SULTAN, ONE'S LAND, AND TRUSTWORTHINESS. IT IS THE STRONGEST
POSSIBLE PROHIBITION .............................................................................................................................................108
315. CHAPTER: ON THE STRONG PROHIBITION AGAINST DELIBERATE FALSE OATHS ........................108
316. CHAPTER: ON THE RECOMMENDATION FOR SOMEONE WHO HAS SWORN AN OATH AND THEN
SEES SOMETHING BETTER THAN IT TO DO WHAT HE SWORE HE SWORE HE WOULD NOT DO AND
EXPIATE THE OATH......................................................................................................................................................109
317. CHAPTER: ON MINOR OATHS BEING OF NO CONSEQUENCE AND NOT ENTAILING EXPIATION.
THAT IS WHAT ONE SAYS UNINTENTIONALLY LIKE, "NO, BY ALLAH" AND "YES, BY ALLAH."...........109
318. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO USE OATHS WHEN SELLING, EVEN IF IT TRUE...................109
319. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED FOR A MAN TO ASK BY THE FACE OF ALLAH FOR ANYTHING
BY JANNAH AND IT BEING DISLIKED TO REFUSE THE ONE WHO ASKS BY ALLAH................................109
320. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING THAT A SULTAN BE CALLED SHAHNESHAH BECAUSE IT MEANS
"THE KING OF KINGS" AND ONLY ALLAH IS DESCRIBED AS THAT ..............................................................109
321. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST ADDRESSING AN INIQUITOUS PERSON OR
INNOVATOR, AS "MASTER", ETC. .............................................................................................................................110
322. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO CURSE FEVER ...............................................................................110
323. CHAPTER: THE PROHIBITION AGAINST CURSING THE WIND, AND WHAT ONE SAYS WHEN IT
BLOWS..............................................................................................................................................................................110
324: CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO CURSE THE COCKEREL.............................................................110
325. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST A MAN ATTRIBUTING RAIN TO A STAR.......................110
326. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING CALLING A MUSLIM AN UNBELIEVER......................................................110
327. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING OBSCENE AND COARSE LANGUAGE.......................................................110
328. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO EXAGGERATE IN SPEECH AND TO BE AFFECTED IN
ELOQUENCE, AND TO USE UNUSUAL LANGUAGES AND FINE POINTS IN ARABIC WHEN SPEAKING
TO THE COMMON PEOPLE.........................................................................................................................................110
329. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO SAY, "MY SELF IS DISGUSTED (KHABUTHAT)" ..................111
330. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO CALL THE GRAPE THE VINE (KARM)......................................111
331. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST DESCRIBING A WOMAN'S BEAUTY TO A MAN WHEN
THERE IS NO LEGITIMATE NEED FOR THAT, FOR INSTANCE, LIKE SEEKING MARRIAGE WITH HER,
ETC. ...................................................................................................................................................................................111
332. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKE FOR A MAN TO SAY IN SUPPLICATION, "O ALLAH, FORGIVE ME
IF YOU WILL." HE SHOULD BE FIRM IN ASKING...................................................................................................111
333. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO SAY, "WHAT ALLAH WILLS AND SO-AND-SO WILLS".......111
334. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO TALK AFTER 'ISHA' ......................................................................111
335. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN FOR A WOMAN TO REFUSE TO COME TO HER HUSBAND'S
BED WHEN HE CALLS HER IF SHE DOES NOT HAVE A LEGITIMATE REASON ..........................................111
336. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN FOR A WOMAN TO FAST VOLUNTARILY WHEN HER
HUSBAND IS PRESENT WITHOUT HIS PERMISSION............................................................................................111
337. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN TO GET AHEAD OF THE IMAM IN COMING UP FROM
BOWING OR PROSTRATION.......................................................................................................................................112
338. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO PUT THE HANDS ON THE HIPS DURING THE PRAYER .....112
339. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO PRAY WHEN FOOD HAS BEEN SERVED OR WHEN ONE
NEEDS TO GO TO THE LAVATORY ...........................................................................................................................112
340. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST LOOKING TO THE SKY DURING THE PRAYER..........112
341. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO LOOK ABOUT IN THE PRAYER WITHOUT REASON ...........112
342. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST PRAYING TOWARDS GRAVES .......................................112
343. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN TO PASS IN FRONT OF SOMEONE PRAYING.........................112
344. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO START DOING VOLUNTARY PRAYERS AFTER THE IQAMA
HAS BEGUN, EVEN IF IT IS THE SUNNA FOR THAT PRAYER............................................................................112
345. CHAPTER: IT IS DISLIKED TO SINGLE OUT FRIDAY TO FAST OR FRIDAY NIGHT FOR PRAYING AT
NIGHT ................................................................................................................................................................................112
346. CHAPTER: ON FORBIDDING CONTINUOUS FASTING, WHICH IS TO FAST TWO OR MORE DAYS
WITHOUT EATING OR DRINKING BETWEEN THEM..............................................................................................113
347. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN TO SIT ON GRAVES .......................................................................113
348. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST PLASTERING OVER OR BUILDING OVER GRAVES .113
349. CHAPTER: ON THE STRONG PROHIBITION AGAINST A SLAVE RUNNING AWAY FROM HIS
MASTER............................................................................................................................................................................113
350. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST INTERCEDING IN HUDUD-PUNISHMENTS...................113
351. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST RELIEVING ONESELF IN THE ROAD, SHADY PLACES,
WATER SOURCES, ETC. ..............................................................................................................................................113
352. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST URINATING IN STANDING WATER ................................113
353. CHAPTER: IT IS DISLIKED TO SHOW PREFERENCE TO ONE CHILD OVER THE OTHERS IN GIFTS
.............................................................................................................................................................................................113
354. CHAPTER: IT IS FORBIDDEN FOR A WOMAN TO MOURN MORE THAN THREE DAYS FOR ANYONE
EXCEPT HER HUSBAND. THE MOURNING PERIOD FOR A HUSBAND IS FOUR MONTHS AND TEN
DAYS .................................................................................................................................................................................114
355. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN FOR A TOWNSMAN TO SELL ON BEHALF OF A DESERT
MAN, TO MEET CARAVANS, TO BID AGAINST ANOTHER MAN TO RAISE THE PRICE OR TO MAKE A
MARRIAGE PROPOSAL IN THE FACE OF ANOTHER'S PROPOSAL WITHOUT HIS PERMISSION...........114
356. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST SQUANDERING MONEY IN IMPROPER WAYS ...........114
357. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST POINTING AT A MUSLIM WITH A WEAPON,
SERIOUSLY OR IN JEST, AND THE PROHIBITION AGAINST HANDING SOMEONE AN UNSHEATHED
SWORD .............................................................................................................................................................................114
358. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO LEAVE THE MOSQUE AFTER THE ADHAN WITHOUT
REASON BEFORE THE OBLIGATORY PRAYER HAS BEEN PRAYED .............................................................115
359. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO REFUSE BASIL FOR NO REASON............................................115
360. CHAPTER: IT IS DISLIKED TO PRAISE SOMEONE TO HIS FACE AS IT IS FEARED THAT IT WILL
CAUSE HIM TO BE ARROGANT, AND THE PERMISSION TO DO THAT IF THE PERSON IS SAFE FROM
THAT HAPPENING .........................................................................................................................................................115
361. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING DISLIKED TO LEAVE A PLACE WHERE THERE IS PLAGUE TO FLEE
FROM IT, AND IT BEING DISLIKED TO GO WHERE THERE IS PLAGUE..........................................................115
362. CHAPTER: ON THE STRONG PROHIBITION OF SORCERY........................................................................115
363. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST TRAVELLING WITH A COPY OF THE QUR'AN TO
ENEMY TERRITORY WHEN IT IS FEARED THAT IT MIGHT FALL INTO THE HANDS OF THE ENEMY....115
364. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN TO USE GOLD AND SILVER DISHES FOR EATING,
DRINKING, PURIFICATION, ETC. ...............................................................................................................................116
365. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN FOR A MAN TO WEAR CLOTHES DYED WITH SAFFRON...116
366. CHAPTER: ON THE PROHIBITION AGAINST VOWING A DAY OF SILENCE..........................................116
367. CHAPTER: ON IT BEING FORBIDDEN FOR A MAN TO ASCRIBE HIS LINEAGE TO OTHER THAN
HIS FATHER OR HIS WALA' TO OTHER THAN HIS PATRONS...........................................................................116
368. CHAPTER: THE WARNING NOT TO COMMIT WHAT ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER HAVE
PROHIBITED....................................................................................................................................................................116
369. CHAPTER: ON WHAT ONE SAYS AND DOES IF ONE COMMITS SOMETHING FORBIDDEN ............116
370. CHAPTER: ON VARIOUS STORIES ...................................................................................................................117
371. CHAPTER: ON ASKING FORGIVENESS...........................................................................................................122
372. CHAPTER: ON WHAT ALLAH HAS PROMISED THE BELIEVERS IN JANNAH ......................................123


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